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Visuel Report 75





  • Report IRSEM No.75 - 2020 
    Authors: François Delerue, Frédérick Douzet et Aude Géry
    International law and norms of responsible behaviour are at the heart of the discussions at the United Nations (UN) on Developments in the Field of Information and Telecommunications in the Context of International Security. The purpose of the present study is, therefore, to analyse – and provide food for thought on – the place of international law within the framework of the two processes underway at the UN, the Open-Ended Working Group (OEWG) and the Group of Governmental Experts on Developments in the Field of Information and Telecommunications in the Context of International Security (GGE). It will also explain how international law is being instrumentalised in the present negotiations.
    The study is comprised of three parts. First, it sets out the context in which these two processes arose, their respective mandates, and the place of international law in their work. Secondly, it examines the ambiguities and consequences associated with the distinction between norms of responsible behaviour and international law. Finally, the last part focuses on the interpretation of certain rules of international law, such as, on the one hand, the responses authorised by international law in reaction to a cyber operation and, on the other hand, the principle of sovereignty. The study then analyses the geopolitical motivations behind this.




  •  Report IRSEM No. 69 - 2019 
    Authors: Jonathan (Yoni) Shimshoni and Ariel (Eli) Levite
    Shimshoni and Levite offer a fresh look at the transformation of warfare, focusing on its evolution from post-Westphalian struggle predominantly taking place between opposing military organizations into society centric confrontations. They submit that all contemporary opponents of the West have made the social dimension central to warfare, de facto pursuing society-centric strategies even when they apply traditional force. They argue that several Western states currently similarly engage in such warfare, but without fully admitting as much or effectively adjusting their strategies, doctrines and force structures. Building on their recent expose in Survival of the theoretical and historical underpinnings of this phenomenon, the authors turn to the rich and varied Israeli warfighting experience for additional insights into the nature and dynamics of contemporary societycentric confrontation.
    In this paper the authors examine the societal warfare phenomenon in four Arab-Israeli cases: Ben Gurion’s formulation of Israel’s foundational grand strategy and doctrine; the Egyptian-Israeli War of Attrition; Israel’s ongoing confrontation with Hamas; and with Hezbollah these past two decades. They conclude with observations on factors that tend to escalate and increase the undesired societization of warfare, discussing critical implications for the study and practice of strategy.





  • Étude n° 59 - 2018
    "France and Poland Facing the Evolution of the Security Environment"
    Authors:  Barbara JANKOWSKI and Amélie ZIMA (eds.)
    The purpose of this study is to propose an analysis of the security environment in the late 2010s. For several years now, the states of the European continent have been facing renewed tensions and political uncertainties. On the one hand, the annexation of Crimea, which constitutes a major break in respect of international law, and the war in the Ukrainian Donbass impact the European stability. On the other hand, the election of Donald Trump as President of the United States has raised many questions and instilled doubt about solidarity among allies. Brexit poses a challenge to the construction of the European Union since, for the first time, a state has used article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty allowing the exit of a state, which means that the debate on the EU’s future no longer only concerns the practical criteria for deepening European integration but also the appropriateness of this integration. However, the initiatives of European states demonstrate their resilience and their ability to respond to security challenges.



  • Étude No. 51 (EN) - 2018
  • "Making Peace, Building the State. Relations between Central Government and the Sahelian Peripheries in Niger and Mali"
    Authors: Yvan GUICHAOUA and Mathieu PELLERIN






  • Étude n° 41 - 2015
    "Defending Europe? A Stocktaking Of French and German Visions for European Defense"
    Author: Barbara KUNZ


  • Étude No. 39 (En) - 2015
    "Parliaments and Democratic Legitimacy of the Common Security and Defence Policy Major"
    Authors : General (2S) de Langlois M. and Sarah Canto





  • Étude No. 30 (En) - 2014
    "Access to the global commons and grand strategies : a shift in global interplay"
    Author : Frédéric RAMEL