Although divided into six areas, the research team also works on cross-cutting themes with a focus on interdiscpinarity. It is made up of some thirty permanent researchers and is strenghthened each yearby post-doctoral students, doctoral students, trainees and research assistants.
The four transversal axes studies at IRSEM are:
1) The World and Chinese Power
3) Propaganda and conspiracy
4) Role of the armed forces in the management of Covid-19
Wheras it first appeared only as a major economic player, China has also become a central player in international relations. Its status as the world's largest economy also makes it a major power in the military and technological fields. Thus, the Sino-American rivalry plays an increasingly prominent role in world affairs. The attrubutes of Chinese power, but also the way Beijing deploys and uses this power, are changing international relations and often push other actors to adapt. This cross-cutting program aims to provide insights into regional transformations and the internal adjustments of actors in response to China's rise.
China's rise to power is profoundly changing the dynamics of conflict and cooperation within the world's regional subgroups. First of all, relations between actors in regions neighbouring China are being transformed in order to integrate the new Chinese situation, as in the South China Sea and Central Asia. But the balance of power in more distant regions such as the Gulf, the Arctic or the African continent is also being modified by the growing role played by China or by the relations that China and the other major powers maintain within these areas.
Moreover, many international actors (governements, organizations, bureacracies, private actors, ect.) are modifying their practices or instruments to adjust to China's groing power in the military, economic, technological, or intelligence fields. Some seek to better respond to Chinese strategies, or to emulate them; others see Chinese power as a potential recource or a model to be imitated. The aim here is to identify the main implications of these transformations, both in terms of public policy and the reconfiguration of internal political and bureaucratic games.
The ambition of this program is thus to shed light on the regional transformations induced by chinese power in the world as well as on the adjustments of actors in response to it.
Head of projet : Camille Brugier & Pierre Haroche
Participants : Baranets Elie, Charon Paul, Dazi-Heni Fatiha, De Champschenel Tiphaine, De Tréglodé Brenoît, Samaran Stéphan, Wang Earl, Zubeldia Océane
“NATO facing China: responses and adaptations”, Survival, 64 (3), 2022, pp. 73–86
Authors: Pierre Haroche & Martin Quencez
This article explores and assesses NATO’s various options for dealing with Chinese power. Firstly, in terms of military approaches, we argue that NATO is unlikely to play a substantial role in US-led efforts to balance China in the Indo-Pacific region, or to designate China as a ‘threat’ in the North Atlantic area. Given that a clear-cut geographic division of labour between the United States and European partners would weaken the Alliance’s cohesion, NATO should instead focus on better integrating the ‘China factor’ into its military planning, in anticipation of the knock-on effects that a crisis in Asia could have on the European theatre. Secondly, in terms of the political approaches, although a formal expansion of NATO’s competencies is unlikely, stronger coordination with Indo-Pacific actors and with the European Commission could help overcome many of the Alliance’s geographic and functional limitations in dealing with China.
ADAPTION ET SECURITE CLIMATIQUE
The effective integration of the climate dimension into operational defense issues in France, has accelerated recently (through the publication of the New Defense Energy Strategy in 2020, among other initiatives), IRSEM has been actively involved in this process for several years, in particular throughthe Geopolitical Observatory of Climate Change Issues (DGRIS, IRIS) and the "Energy WG".
The objective of this cross-cutting program is to pursue and tie together the reflections and work already undertaken, by relying in IRSEM researchers working in this theme. At this stage, three main areas will be explored in depths within the framework of this transverse program:
Head of projet : Benoît RADEMACHER (AED)
Participants : Adrien ESTEVE (AED), Florian OPILLARD (D&S), Angélique PALLE (AED), Benoît RADEMACHER (AED), Nicolas REGAUD (DDI), Océane ZUBELDIA (AED)
Publications (in French):
The objective of this transversal and transdisciplinary research program is to analyze the use of the military in the management of the coronavirus health crisis in a comparative dimension between several European countries (France, Germany, Switzerland, Italy) and the United States. The conditions of the mobilization of the armies of these countries will be the object of a systematic and thorough comparison of the military doctrines, of the various legal statuses of the crisis and of the forms of civil-military cooperation. The program also plans to integrate elements of knowledge concerning other countries.
The main lines of work are the following:
Head of projet : Anne Muxel (IRSEM Domaine Défense et Société/CEVIPOF-Sciences Po)
Members of the research team : Florian Opillard (co-coordinateur, IRSEM, Domaine Défense et société), Angélique Palle (co-coordinatrice, IRSEM Domaine Armement et économie de défense), Edouard Jolly (IRSEM, Domaine Stratégie, normes et doctrines), François Delerue (Senior Researcher in Cyber Security Governance, Leiden University), Léa Michelis (IRSEM, Domaine Défense et société)
Program duration : project start April 2020, project end September 2022.
The digitalization of information systems contributes to the proliferation of information warfare operations conducted by states against other states. Other actors from civil society, constituting real conspiracy ecosystems, have been able to exploit this new environment in order to exacerbate tensions within democratic societies. These non-state actors intefere in the political and social life of states to confuse messages, stir up online polemics and spread false information. Since 2016, experts who identify and map information manipulation have observed the development of conspiracy networks from related internet communities in digital networks and their investment in many societal issues when spreading false information. Adept at propagandistic narratives, conspiracy groups aim to exert a unilateral influence on a target group through selective arguments, in order to make an economic model bear fruit, sow doubt and confusion, discredit a political opponent, promote militant messaged or legitimize ideological positions.
This multidisciplinary program is interested in the phenomena of circulation in contemporary informational struggle (concepts, means, methods, purposes). It proposes an approach by social and political groups and intends to analyze the construction, production, tools and targets of these non-state propaganda ecosystems contributing to the destabilization of Western liberal democracies.
Team composition (IRSEM et Partenaires) : Paul Charon, Maud Quessard, Maxime Audinet, Anne Muxel, Tristan Mattelart (Paris 2), Dusan Bozalka (Paris 2), Jean-Chistophe Boucher (Université de Calgary).